Minimally Invasive SurgeryBack to Services
Endoscopic SurgeryBack to top
Small, fiber optic telescopes can be used to look into the internal “plumbing” of the urinary tract, including all the way up into the kidney. These scopes, which follow the body’s natural passages, allow the use of lasers, baskets and other instruments to treat stones, tumors, or other problems.
Recovery is significantly quicker than in traditional open surgery that would have had to cut muscle to reach these same spaces.
(Endoscopy surgery is performed at our Poughkeepsie location)
Robotic SurgeryBack to top
At Premier Medical Group Urology Division we continue to provide our patients with the latest technology, such as the da Vinci® robotic surgical system.
The da Vinci® Surgical System is a sophisticated robotic platform designed to expand the surgeon’s capabilities. Patients benefit from the potential for significantly less pain, a shorter hospital stay, and faster return to normal daily activities – as well as the potential for better clinical outcomes. It is important to know that surgery with da Vinci® does not place a robot at the controls; your surgeon is controlling every aspect of the surgery. At the same time, state of the art robotic and computer technologies scale, filter, and flawlessly interpret your surgeons hand movements into the precise micro-movements of the da Vinci® instruments.
Why Robotic Surgery?
The da Vinci® Surgical System is today’s number one choice for both men and their doctors for the treatment of prostate cancer. This minimally invasive surgery has many benefits including better outcomes.
The benefits of robotic surgery include:
- Better and earlier return of continence and sexual function
- Less pain and less bleeding
- Excellent results in removing cancer completely
- Very tiny incisions with less scarring
- Supreme precision and shorter recovery time
What to Expect
- Pre-op: You will meet with an anesthesiologist to discuss which type of anesthesia will be used. You will also have a complete physical exam. The night before surgery you will need to use bowel prep.
- Surgery day: Typically the surgery lasts 2-4 hours. Your stomach will be filled with carbon dioxide gas to create space for the surgeon to operate. Six small incisions will be made, 1/2 to 1/4 inch in length. Ports will be inserted to keep these incisions open. The surgeon will use the da Vinci® Surgical System and laparoscopic instruments to perform your surgery.
- Post op: When you wake up you will have a urinary catheter which will remain for approximately 7 days. Generally, one night in the hospital is all that is necessary, and the staff will get you up and walking as soon as you are no longer groggy. Your doctor will also prescribe pain medicine to keep you more comfortable
- Recovery: You should rest for one week post-op, although walking is recommended. Do not lift anything heavy or strain in any way for at least 4 weeks after surgery. Before the catheter can be removed, a bladder function test will be performed. Typical side effects include some incontinence and erectile dysfunction.
- Future follow-up: It is recommended that a prostate cancer patient have a PSA test every 6 months for the first 5 years and yearly after that. See your doctor regularly and be aware of any changes in your body.
Laparoscopic SurgeryBack to top
Laparoscopic surgery is a technique that utilizes thin instruments and a lighted telescope to look and work inside of the abdominal cavity.
Laparoscopy uses multiple small incisions, each about a quarter to one half of an inch. These holes allow us to pass instruments – such as scissors, staplers, sutures and graspers – as well as the telescope connected to a light source and a camera. Carbon dioxide gas is used to fill the belly cavity and to create enough space to see and operate.
In most cases, a laparoscopic approach can be used instead of an open surgery that would require a much larger, more painful incision. For example, a partial kidney removal would use 4 small incisions in the front of the abdomen while an open surgery would use a 10 inch incision on the patient’s side or flank. Laparoscopy can be less stressful for the patient, it increases the surgeon’s ability to see what they are working on, it decreases blood loss, all while causing less pain. These advantages all translate into a quicker recovery and a significantly shorter hospital stay compared to open surgery. This then allows the patient to heal faster and return to work and/or normal activities more quickly.
When is Laparoscopy used?
While this technique was first used by the general surgeons to remove gall bladders in the 1980s, urologists began to perform laparoscopic kidney surgery in 1992. Since then, the vast majority of kidney and prostate surgery is performed with laparoscopy and only a small portion requires an open approach. Many urinary tract conditions can be treated with laparoscopy. However, not everyone is a candidate for laparoscopic surgery.
Laparoscopy is performed in a hospital. You will be given an IV line with medication and general anesthesia. Three to five small incisions are made in your abdomen. Then laparoscopic instruments are positioned in the incisions. Your abdomen is filled with a harmless gas to inflate it so the doctor can more easily view your organs. These tiny incisions will be closed with tape, stitches or staples. You could stay in the hospital for a day or two or go home the same day of the procedure.
The pain is generally nominal. You may feel shoulder pain from the gas that was used to inflate the stomach. The nurses will give you pain medication if needed. Walking around will help alleviate the gas pains and also helps prevent blood clots.
When you go home, you should take it easy and follow the doctor’s instructions such as no bathing or swimming for 2 weeks. Call your doctor if you contract a fever, redness around the incisions, bleeding, severe pain, nausea, vomiting, swelling or pain in your legs.