What is hypertension?
Hypertension, commonly referred to as high blood pressure, occurs when a person has chronically high blood pressure compared to normal values. Blood pressure measures the force your blood causes when pushing into the wall of the arteries as it circulates. One’s blood pressure naturally fluctuates throughout the day, but consistently high pressure values constitute hypertension.
High blood pressure values occur during periods of stress, strenuous physical activities, and other occasions that can make hypertension a larger problem. However, hypertension itself does not have many identified symptoms, making a diagnosis from a healthcare professional necessary for proper treatment and monitoring. Roughly half of adults in the United States have hypertension, making the condition very common and a key aspect of health. Left untreated, hypertension carries serious medical risks and complications that can put a person at risk of strokes, heart attacks, and other dangerous conditions.