What is laparoscopic surgery?
Laparoscopic surgery is a technique that utilizes thin instruments and a lighted telescope to look and work inside of the abdominal cavity. Laparoscopic surgery is performed by members of the Urology Division of Premier Medical Group.
Laparoscopy uses multiple small incisions, each about a quarter to one half of an inch. These holes allow us to pass instruments – such as scissors, staplers, sutures and graspers – as well as the telescope connected to a light source and a camera. Carbon dioxide gas is used to fill the belly cavity and to create enough space to see and operate.
In most cases, a laparoscopic approach can be used instead of an open surgery that would require a much larger, more painful incision. For example, a partial kidney removal would use 4 small incisions in the front of the abdomen while an open surgery would use a 10 inch incision on the patient’s side or flank. Laparoscopy can be less stressful for the patient, it increases the surgeon’s ability to see what they are working on, it decreases blood loss, all while causing less pain. These advantages all translate into a quicker recovery and a significantly shorter hospital stay compared to open surgery. This then allows the patient to heal faster and return to work and/or normal activities more quickly.