Testicular or scrotal pain is diagnosed and treated by the Urology Division of Premier Medical Group. Testicular or scrotal pain of any type should be taken seriously. The testicles (testes) are the two glands that produce sperm and are therefore part of the male reproductive system. These glands are very sensitive to pain and even the most minor trauma can be very painful. Scrotal pain can occur at any age, even to newborns, and the condition typically needs medical evaluation.