Crohn’s Disease is diagnosed and treated by the GI Division of Premier Medical Group.
What is Crohn’s Disease?
Crohn’s disease is a form of IBD, or inflammatory bowel disease. Portions of the digestive tract swell and develop deep sores called ulcers. The part of the GI tract most often affected is the end portion of the small intestine, also referred to as the “ileum,” and the first part of the large intestine. Crohn’s is a lifelong disease which affects both men and women equally and also seems to run in families. The disease occurs in people of all ages, but it most often begins between the ages of 13 and 30. People who smoke are more likely to develop Crohn’s, as are people of European Jewish heritage.
In Crohn’s disease, when inflammation spreads into the lining of the affected portion of the GI tract, swelling and pain occurs and can make the intestines empty frequently, resulting in diarrhea. Chronic inflammation may yield scar tissue. This builds up in the GI tract and a stricture forms, which is a narrowed passageway that can slow up the movement of food through the intestine. This can cause cramps and pain and at times blockage in the small intestines.